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You are now about to start working through the words in the forty-two sound groups. The first word in each list is underlined. If you look at the word dance you will see the letters ance. Then look for the ance in all of the other words of that group. The next line starts with ant as being underlined. Look for the ant in the word group. You will see that there are similar patterns throughout all the word groupings.

In this table of forty-two sounds, the sounds have been arranged according to their usefulness in learning spelling. Thus, the list is not as big as it could be, but embraces enough to give you a good understanding.  

We suggest that you only do two or three smaller groups in a sitting, or one larger group. That way you will remember them. And, it will be wise for you to go through the Sound Groups at least three times. 


The Sound Dictionary = a dictionary per sound type.

Used for any word where you can't talk to the pencil to for words you do not recognise, it is a safety net. You will get to know the spelling of a word as you place it with words you know. For instance, you have learnt of the letter combination ough (through, tough) that Jenny calls 'oh u go home' words. It is about finding letter combinations (of which you will soon see are many) and becoming familiar with the combinations.

Another combination is auntie uncle words, where there is the letter combination of au (which may have a /or/ sound in the word). Examples of these are auditorium, or Australia. Laundry is another. So within Jenny's Sound Dictionary there are many such letter combinations, where words that have those letter combinations are grouped.

As a way to remember some of these auntie uncle words, you could create stories or poems, such as; The Australian restaurant behind the auditorium has a laundry.

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a (apple) Sayings its sound

Sound Group 1

apple Apple      
hat Hat      
dance
trance
prance
glance
entrance
distance
balance
finance
hindrance

 

importance
appearance
attendance
ambulance
reliance
extravagance
significance
acquaintance
circumstance
performance
a
ant
chant
pant
grant
plant
slant
migrant
remnant
constant
pageant
vacant
ignorant
tolerant
observant
defiant
reluctant
insignificant
superabundant
communicant
luxuriant
participant
 
plait
plaid
decode book     ai

enlightenedThe sound /ae/ presents little difficulty. Words ending in – ant and – ance are a problem, so collecting them here using ant and dance for clues is helpful. See also Sound Group 37 (an). In normal speech, of course, the sound of the a in many of these words is indefinite (schwa) /a/.

a (angel)  Sayings its name

Sound Group 2

angel
apron
dais
apricot
donator
curator
escalator
incubator
incinerator
decode book a
sundae       ae
gate
plate
grape
chase
pane
frame
create
inhale
mistake
membrane
dictate
rename
advantage
propagate
centigrade
stimulate
hurricane
congratulate
supermundane
appropriate
substantiate
disadvantage
a-e
play
bay
clay
sway
spray
display
repay
array
astray
dismay
decode book yesterday
Saturday
overlay
stowaway
ay
train
paid
stain
aim
fail
bait
remain
restrain
afraid
mermaid
disdain
preordain
porcelain
chamberlain
ascertain
entertain
decode book ai
trait       ait
straight       aigh
gaol       ao
gauge (if needed, put  in your Decoding Book with other rare irregular words.) au
grey
prey
they
whey
they obey
convey
survey
abeyance
Reynard
ey
reins
vein
veil
skein
feint
decode book
surveillance
reindeer
heinous ei
reign feign design   eig
eight
freight
weight (y)
weigh
sleigh
neigh
eighty
eighteen
neighbour
outweigh Our eight neighbours - My weight, eight kg's - My height, eight feet. eigh
break
steak
great
decode book     ea
ballet
valet
beret
chet
bouquet
parquet
crochet
croquet
ricochet
tourniquet
decode book et
fete       e

e (egg) Sayings its sound

Sound Group 3

hen
fed
well
hem
step
beg
velvet
legend
tempest
helmet
elect
excellent
effervesce
cemented
tenement
semester
embezzlement
benevolent
embellishment
enlightenment
decode book e
bread
meant
breadth
spread
tread
wealthy
feather
treasure
heaven
threading
endeavour
pleasantry
treachery
measurement
threatening
leatheriness
 
decode book ea
You eat your bread and spread on your bread

I spread myself out with my head on the heather.
This was to give me a measure of pleasure.
The sky was like lead, and threatened bad weather.
I dreamt about death and heaven and treasure.
I knew that endeavour with thread and good leather would give me great wealth and surely some treasure.
That bread, baked with leaven as light as a feather would give me good health and certainly pleasure.
A peasant was I and as deaf as could be, but I read heavy books, for my eyes could see. I had no dread of ill for my breath was steady, I leapt towards great wealth with no stealth in my tread.

I hoped for good health, and meant to find wealth, but instead I found wealth right there in good health.

heifer their leisure leisurely leisureliness ei
friend       decode book ie
said         ai
says         ay
many any anyone anything   a
bury         u
leopard     decode book   eo
aeroplane
aerobatics
aerodynamics
haemorrhage
        ae

e (emu)  Sayings its name

Sound Group 4

me
he
we
de...
pre...
re...
sesame
simile
acme
anemone
create
museum
hideous
courteous
plenteous
stereo (type)
  decode book e
trapeze
cede
swede
scene
concrete
precede
convene
kerosene
intervene
centipede
supersede
extremely
discretely
serenely
intercede
decode book e-e
tree
free
speed
deep
speech
fleet
proceed
degree
beseech
upkeep
decreed
greenhorn
cheetah
leeward
seepage
teeming
addressee
mortgagee
guarantee
employee
jamboree
decode book ee
A referee wanted to meet his committee under a tree or in a tepee or a marquee.

He guaranteed that they could have coffee and toffee at the jubilee if they would agree.
eat
breathe
beach
eagle
feast
please
eager
easel
teasing
neatly
feature
impeach
displease
repeat
bereave
conceal
cochineal
interweave
misdemeanor (u) r
predecease
underneath
decode book

ea

My Dream Called ‘e-a’. In the heat of summer in my dream I lead a team of beavers towards a gleam. They go east with the stream till they reach the sea, so far beneath a peaceful beach. They eat meat and beans on a seat called a beam. While one of them speaks they have peaches and cream. This treat of a meal, to say the least, would fatten the lean for it’s really a feast. When filled to the seams they’re ever so pleased. Then in my dream, when going to leave, I make beavers repeat that ea says /ee/ . That’s what I teach when they’re standing at ease: that ea says /ee/, and they think I’m a tease!
people         eo
quay     decode book   ay
phoenix         oe
debris chassis verdigris Louis (d' or)   is
encyclopaedia algae antennae formulae haemoglobin ae
taxi
fiord
kiosk
kiwi
suite
medium
sardine
routine
machine
serious
champion
obedient
tangerine
serviette
previous
convenient
experience
enthusiastic
appropriate
immediately
decode book i
piano
baby
story
handy
plenty
tidy
memory
angry
shivery
argosy
revelry
recovery
discovery
immunity
chivalry
eternity
solidarity
peculiarity
popularity
familiarity
copyright
  y
key
monkey
medley
barley
chutney
lackey
motley
blarney
hackney
cockney
hokey-pokey
blarney.
  decode book ey
A Sydney jockey on a donkey went on a journey through a valley. He had money in a trolley for hockey in an alley, and a ball game of volley! He saw a chimney on an abbey, a pulley in a two-storey galley, a turkey with some parsley in a kidney, and a monkey in a jersey eating honey with a key.
ceiling
deceive
receive
receipt
conceive
protein
mortein
conceivable
perceivable
casein
caffeine
  ei
You seize your prize as well as the e before i.
You seize protein for your health,
You seize Mortein for the flies.
chief
brief
sheik
frieze
Mostly i before e, except after c
achieve
achievement
hygiene
decode book ie
A Siege A chief caught a young thief in a field. Grief changed to relief when a mischievous thief had to yield up his shield to a chief in a field. He was glad to believe in the priest’s reprieve.

i (igloo)  Sayings its sound

Sound Group 5

igloo
hint
pink
grip
slid
twin
habit
digit
picnic
fillip
tipping
optimist
minimum
criticism
prohibit
intimidate
diminishing
incivility
implicitly
decode book
invisibility
i
pyjamas
myth
gypsy
cygnet
system
symbol
syrup
crystal
symptom
syringe
cymbal
platypus
disyllable
methylated
synonym
(ous)
amethyst
antonym
anonymous
metonymy
analyst
decode book y
pretty comedy *
tragedy*
privilege
barbecue
society decode book e
sieve         ie
forfeit         ei
forfeit         ei
busy lettuce minute     u
build   biscuit
circuit
  decode book ui
u and i can’t build, we must engage a builder.
vehicles exhibit exhibitor exhibition   hi
vehement         he
women         o

i (ice)  Sayings its name

Sound Group 6

ice
violin
trial
bisect
spiral
gastritis
spiral
compliance
inscribing
collided
appendicitis
arthritis
tonsillitis
hepatitis
meningitis
  decode book i
pie
tie
lie die magpie decode book ie
line ride
wife
spike
price
snipe
oblige
polite
confide
reside
missile expedite
advertise
compromise
enterprise
intertwine
i-e
fly
shy
pry
style
type
cyclone
pylon
xylophone
dynamics
hypothesis
enzyme
analyse
paralyse
prototype
electrolyte
intensify
disqualify
amplify
simplify
pacify
decode book y
buy decode book guy buying   uy
light
righteous
thigh
foresight
blight
sprightly
upright decode book igh
I go high to fix the light.
height sleight (of hand)       eigh
eye   decode book     eye
dye Sty goodbye     ye
island isle     decode book is
aisle         ais
eiderdown either* Einstein kaleidoscope   ei
Some people say ‘e-ther’ and some say i-ther, so put both e and i.

o (orange)  Sayings its sound

Sound Group 7

dog
loss
bond
flop
prod
jog
doctor
sponsor
tosses
poppy
rocking
lemonade
horology
colonise
mnemonic
harmony
lollipop
golliwog
apricot
paragon
anthropoid
rhinoceroses
trigonometry
anthropology
chronology
animosity
o
watch
was
wasp
want
squat
swallow
washable
squashing
wander
squadron
squalid
quarrel*
wallow**
quality
quantity
disqualify
wallaby
decode book a
The / ō / is really ar here. **The / ō / is really al.
Australia
sausage
austere
laurel
auction
caustic
assault
cauliflower
hydraulic
  decode book au
cough trough (see also Letter-Based Groups)     ou
John demi-jhn       oh
honest
honourable
honesty
honestly
honorary
honorarium
      ho
luncheon truncheon       eo
knowledge rowlock       ow
broad broadcast abroad     oa

o (open)  Sayings its name

Sound Group 8

open
roll
hold
post
comb
progress
coheir
go-cart
vocal
monogram
desolate
pantomime
melody
portfolio
embargo
volcano
flamingo
albino o
It felt like zero by the silo.
A merino listened to the solo.
Was there a banjo and piano, or only an alto and soprano?
Just add s for the plural.
toe
hoe
woe
decode book
foe
floe
oboe
throe
mistletoe
tiptoe
goes oe
hose
code
rose
drove
globe
rope
compose
microbe
promote
misquote
corrode
microphone
telescope
episode
rigmarole
antidote
kaleidoscope
anticyclone
  o-e
boat
load
foam
groan
soak
soap
decode book refloat
encroach
scapegoat
waistcoat
bemoan
petticoat
overcoat
stagecoach
cockroach
approach
roadworthy
unloading
soapy
gloating
toasted
oa
snow
crow
show
flow
glow
tow
rainbow
elbow
swallow
minnow
barrow
fellowship
narrowing
sorrowing
widower
following
foreshadow
overthrow
undertow
overgrown
decode book ow
owe         ot
depot
sabot
entrpot haricot (beans etc.)     ot
brooch       decode book oo
plateau
tableau
trousseau
tonneau beau
tonneau
chateau   eau
plateau
tableau
trousseau
tonneau beau
tonneau
chateau   eau
oh!         oh
sew     decode book   ew
boatswain         oat
yeoman         eo
shoulder remould       ou
dough furlough though brougham   ough
mould smoulder boulder      
Should I shoulder the boulder?
(see also Letter-Based Groups)

u (umbrella)  Sayings its sound

Sound Group 9

umbrella
up
bus
fuss
junk
puffin
subway
hubbub
fungus
album
stirrup
walnut
nimbus
pendulum
hibiscus
prospectus
thesaurus
apparatus
hippopotamus
auditorium
eucalyptus
metatarsus
u
mother
some
month
front
monk
tongue
(o-o -hugs for mother)
money
comely
colour
oven
Monday
among
another
wonderful
company
comfortable
covering
decode book o
country (our)
couple
double
trouble
cousin
nourish
flourish
famous
callous
spacious
generous
coniferous
frivolous
ambiguous
mountainous
ridiculous
ou
decode book
does (See Building Spelling Cleverness) oe
flood
blood
'Good blood'
flood     decode book oo
cupboard         up
around
alive
about
among
father
dance
grant
sofa
extra
comma
vanilla
media
propaganda
  a

enlightened The sound / ^ / presents many problems. Words ending in us (nouns) or ous (adjectives) may be 'put away' on this page.
The sound / A / at the beginning of many words and at the end of most words is spelt a. These words should be put away here, too.

u (uniform)  Sayings its name

Sound Group 10

music
uniform
unit
union
usurp
unite
unicorn
unify
united
universe
unison
monument
pendulum
insulate
luxury
ambulance
matriculate
perpetual
meticulous
particular
perpendicular
u
statue
due
cue
sue
hue
pursue
value
issue
rescue
argue
residue
continue
revenue
barbecue
avenue
discontinue
undervalue
decode book
ue
tune
cute
mute
tube
fuse
mule
confuse
transfuse
refuge
rebuke
globule
substitute
introduce
contribute
longitude
ridicule
ingratitude
redistribute
hypotenuse
centrifuge
superinduce
u-e
queue (long line of boys and girl: ue ue ue ue) decode book ueue
nuisance
suitable
suitcase
pursuit
recruit
conduit
    ui
'U and I are a nuisance at the dance'.
adieu lieu purlieu   ieu
view
preview
review interview   iew
news
hewn
stew
newt
drew
mildew
sinew
curfew
nephew
skewer
pewter
steward
howl
sewerage
decode book
ew
ewe   awe   ewe
Euclid
feudal
euchre
feud
neutralise
eucalypt
eulogy
neurosis
eurhythmics
pneumonia
neurology
neutrality
pneumatic
Europe
decode book
eu
you youth     you
beauty beautiful ‘Be A beaUt, Mum’ eau

oo (book) Sayings its sound (Note; it is a double vowel)

Sound Group 11

book
stood
crook
foot
shook
forsook
overlook
falsehood
childhood
goodness
footstool
tenderfoot
neighbourhood
decode book oo
could
would
should (See Words in Building Spelling Cleverness) oul
pull
push
push(er)
bush
full
bull
pudding
pulley
pulpit
pullet
bullet
bushel
butcher
fulfil (see also Sound Group 25)
skilfully
u
wolf
woman
decode book     o

oo (hoop)  (Note; it is a double vowel)

Sound Group 12

hoop
woo
scoop(er)
groove
snooze
mood
monsoon
teaspoon
mushroom
festoon
whirlpool
nincompoop
pantaloon
macaroon
waterproof
hullabaloo
peek-a-boo
cockatoo
shampoo
bamboo
decode book oo

Lose and Loose:
My buttons are loose.(2 buttons,)
Long threads of o's. Lose a button? Lose an o.)

rheumatism         eu
to
do
lode(er)
who
move*
loser
proving
mover
undo
remove
    o
Move: How many refrigerators could you? Only one.
shoe canoe     decode book oe
Shoe: Can’t put two o's, because you lost one (shoe) and bossy Mum e was cross!
two         wo
soup
group
route
wound
rouge
routine
tourist
Louis (d'or)
recoup
caribou
cantaloup
troubadour
  ou
ruler
June
flute
funeral
cruel
ruin
fluent
rumour
cruet
plural
jubilee
survive
scrutiny
fluency
instrument
producing
seclusion
enthusiastic
jubilantly
publication
jurisdiction
u
manoeuvre         oeu
blue
cue
clue
true
flue
sue accrue
construe
Glue the clue, (blue), to true.
misconstrue   ue
jewel
grew
screw
drew
threw
screwing
beshrew
jewellery   decode book ew
through through (see also Letter-Based Groups,) decode book ough
fruit
sit
juice
must
cruise
bruised
suitable
recruit
decode book You (u) and I like fruit. You and I wear suits. You and I, my dear penguin, not ruin our suits with bruised fruit or juice on the cruise. ui
pleurisy rheumatic rheumatism     eu

ow (owl)  Sayings its sound

Sound Group 13

owl
howl
frown
growl
clown
crowd
drowsy
prowler
coward
trowel
rowdy
renown
allowed
eyebrow
sundown
endow
glowering
allowing
empower
dowry
overpower
decode book ow
house (our)
our
oust
cloud
bounce
sprout
sprouted
sounding
loutish
doubtful
mountain
resounding
profoundly
confounded
announcement
abounding
greyhound
compound
aground
astound
renounce
decode book ou
A proud mouse went out round about our house. He found a mound of pounds upon the ground. With his mouth he counted them and never made a sound. Then a cloud in the south and the sight of a grouse made him shout out aloud and go off with a bound.
hour hourly       hou
You need a chair(h) if you’ve to wait for an hour.
plough
drought
(see also Letter-Based Groups)
bough
  ough
our’ words for faster recall*
*based, of course, on spelling, not sound.

on
in

for

see
hear
notice
Mother likes our
our
our
our
our
our
our
our
our
our
our ardour and
age has


favourite
nourishment
eight

keys for the

out
our
Courage
honour
favour
flavour

neighbour
behaviour
clamour
fervour
colours
court

courtesy
journey
demeanour
endeavour
 

oy (boy)  Sayings its name

Sound Group 14

boy
toy
troy
coy
joy
 
boycott
oyster
royal
voyage
soy
employment
enjoying
disloyal
flamboyant
annoyance
corduroy
saveloy
viceroy
gargoyle
decode book oy
coin
hoist
poise
choice
quoit
join
ointment
moisture
coinage
jointly
pointer
avoiding
embroider
exploiter
appointment
anointed
hydrofoil
counterfoil
disembroil
maladroit
decode book oi
buoy         uoy

r (rabbit)  Sayings its sound

Sound Group 15

rabbit
drag
crest
grill
trot
 
shrapnel
stresses
sprinkling
shrove-tide
scrubbing
pilgrimage
outrageous
congregate
represent
description
descriptiondescription r
parrot
berry
scurry
barrel
marrow
mirror
error
errand
torrid
terror
porridge
terrier
porringer
sorrowing
merrier
quarrelling
decode book rrx
write
wrap
wrench
wrist
wrath
wreck
wrongfully
wringing
wrinkly
wrangler
writhing
wretchedness
overwrought
decode book wr
rhombus
rhyme
rhythm
rhubarb
rhomboid
rhetoric
rheostat
rheumatism
rhinoceros
rhododendron
  rh

ar (car)  

Sound Group 16

car
star
arm
dart
sharp
yard
target
partner
charter
barber
harpoon
embargo
departed
retarded
escarpment
enlargement
exhilarate
oligarchic
oviparous
patriarch
standard
  ar
galah
bah
ah
rajah
punkah
loofah
hurrah
verandah
Messiah
hallelujah   ah
aunt   Aunt and Uncle (au).   au
father
task
bask
bath
half
grasp
casket
fasten
pastor
pasture
psalm
giraffe
mirage
moustache
charade
barrage
epitaph
raspberry
  a
My Father: His task is to take a basket to the castle and to ask for a plant in a bath or a vase. My father would rather fasten his calm calf to the palm but he can’t because of the brass band. He takes his calm calf fast past a flag at half mast. At last for my father a drink of raspberry in a glass and he sits on the grass by the class.
are Bossy Mum says, “Where are you?”   are
heart
hearth
hearty
hearken
    decode book ear
clerk   sergeant   decode book er
nougat         at
bazaar The bazaar was bizarre.     aar
bizarre         arre
catarrh         arrh

er

Sound Group 17

flower
her
per
timber
bumper
clever
number
cloister
her flower
person
sermon
fertile
perplex
perfect
persuade
emperor
observer
funeral
federal
sorcerer
unilateral
probationer
upholsterer
collateral
supervisor
recuperate
er
transferred
preferred
referred
        err
learn
search
yearn
pearl
hearse
heard
earnest
earldom
earthward
earthen
earthquake
rehearsal
earthliness
earnestly
searchingly
  decode book ear
I heard if you yearn for learning and rise early to search earnestly and rehearse at each rehearsal, you earn pearls on earth.
were 'we were'       ere
fire
lyre
tyre
hire
theatre
acre
fibre
sombre
meagre
conspire
umpire
perspire
retire
transpire
massacre
kilometre
manoeuvre
calibre
mediocre
decode book re
The Ogre Fire:
There was a fire by a theatre.
Tyres were on fire in the centre of an acre of land.
Firemen were desired and hired: they were inspired, admired.
Police were required at the fire to enquire. They were all tired, of the ogre fire.
bird
sir
fir
skirt
twirl
mirth
astir
bestir
skirmish
chirping
smirking
elixir
respiration
aspirin
affirmative
aspiration
decode book ir
Birds and Circles Look! A nest, firm in a fir tree. Mother bird circles, baby birds chirp, Mother birdstirs and stirs, baby birds whirl, swirl and twirl. First bird sits on a shirt. Next one stands on a skirt, Third one settles on dirt. What mirth! They all find water that squirts. Squirt the dirty bird. All are astir, the girl and sir. Birds and circles.
martyr satyr
zephyr
martyr     yr
myrrh         yrrh
collar*
pillar
solar
dollar
standard
farther
orchard
drunkard
the
circular
infirmary
nearest
definite decode book ar
The sound is usually, of course, indefinite. The words should be put away under sound: either here or with Sound Group 16 (ar).
world
worm
worse
worth
work
worst
worship
wordy
doctor
motor
pallor
decode book foreword
catchword
watchword
mirroring
conductor
  or
journey courage
journal
courteous
labourer
candour
colour
valour
favour
    our*
See also Sound Group 20  / É” / pronunciation preferred for colour. * Letter-Based Groups or more words using clue 'our'.
colonel     decode book   olo
church
surf
urge
purse
curl
lurk
sturdy
further
survey
Thursday
surgeon
disturb
murmur
outburst
upsurge
unfurl
reimburse
survivors
urgently
nursery
pursuers
decode book ur
I take my purse on purpose, to pursue the thing I want to purchase.
purr
burr
demurred
furry
occurred   decode book urr
figure
conjure
fissure
disfigure
leisure
      ure

air

Sound Group 18

chair
stair
flair
fair
pair
lair
and I run to...
dairy
hairy
fairy
despair
repair
impair
eclair
mohair
unfair
affair
disrepair
debonair
repairing
despairing
decode book air
A pair of fair haired dairy boys sat on a chair. They fell down the stairs and were in despair for they couldn’t repair
the chair. What an affair! Until a fairy came out of her lair and did the repair. (She had a flair for repair!)
scarecrow
flare
spare
square
fare
beware
warfare
ensnare
outdare
nightmare
declare
declare
prepare
earthenware
thoroughfare
unaware
threadbare
ploughshare
decode book are
Car, take care! Star, don’t stare! Go far, pay a fare. On the bar, feet bare. Only a scar, no scare! Do not spar, please spare.
Do not mar your mare. I’m aware a rare hare dares glare at scarecrows. I declare he said in the square just to share and compare the wares prepared. Take care! Take a boss (e), to drive a car with care.
millionaire questionnaire commissionaire     aire
Mary
vary
wary
  scaring
glaring
sparing
preparing
comparing
declaring
vegetarian
octogenarian
ar
Contrary Mary is wary, and does not vary. She’s caring and sparing and daring,
bear
tear
pear
wear
outwear
outswear
bugbear
overbearing
forebare
forbearance
  decode book ear
A bear eats a pear and tears the clothes he wears.
where there       ere
their heir       eir
prayer         ayer
mayor         ayor
aeroplane aerial aerodrome aerobatics decode book aer

eer (Note it is a double vowel)

Sound Group 19

deer
steer
jeer
cheer
steering
peerage
deerhound
seersucker
sneer
veneer
career
overseer
volunteer
profiteer
auctioneer
domineer
mountaineer
decode book eer
The Deer and the Engineer: An engineer will volunteer to pioneer and be a mountaineer. He’ll cheer the deer and steer the deer if
they have beer and begin to career as if they are agree. He will not sheer nor be a mutineer. This engineer will be a seer, a pioneer.
ear
clear
spear
rear
smear
year
earmark
earwig
tearful
fearsome
gearbox
appear
arrears
endear
besmear
headgear
disappearance
overhearing
endearment
endearingly
decode book ear
here Doctor, I’m sincere. The pain is severe here and it’s merely a sphere but I’ll persevere if you don’t interfere with the atmosphere!   ere
cereal
era
hero
zero
Nero
serial
serum
period
serious
inferior
exterior
superior
stereotype decode book er
pier
ierce
frontier
pierce
bier
decode book cashier
gondolier
chiffonier
fiercest
chandelier
cavalier
fusilier ier
weir weird weirdly     eir
souvenir         ir

or

Sound Group 20

horse
horn
cord
form
born
lord
forward
mortal
fortune
torment
dormant
remorse
forlorn
abhor
corridor
metaphor
assortment
subordinate
extortion
disorderly
scorpion
  or
sore
more
chore
score
lore
fore
foreshore
foresight
forecast
forego
scorer
encore
fourscore
explore
ignore
therefore
stevedore
pinafore
commodore
semaphore
sycamore
decode book ore
More About Sore and Bob: This boy Bob did his mother adore, yet mother’s advice did Bob ignore, for he wanted to go to the shore to explore. The shoes Bob wore, alas, they tore! He went to the store with feet so sore, for plasters galore he did implore, but more and more Bob did deplore before his feet he could restore!
oar
soar
hoarse
hoard
coarse
boar
decode book boarder
hoarded
hoarseness
roaring
coarsely
surfboard
uproar
cardboard
cupboard
starboard
uproarious
coarseness
oarsmanship
oar
mortgage         ort
pour
four
mourn
course
court
fourteen
mournful
coursing
courtly
splendour*
humour
glamour
saviour
(mis)behaviour
(dis)honour
endeavour
(mis)demeanour
decode book our
*See also Sound Group 17, our if / er / pronunciation is preferred for the words in the last two columns.
door
floor
poorly
poor
boor
doorstep
outdoor
mooring
flooring
boorishness
indoor
floorwalker
moor
decode book oor
sure
surely
insure insurance     ur
You’ve had a fire, so you (U) rush everywhere to be sure to insure the property and assure the future
thought
ought
bought
brought
thoughtful thoughtfulness decode book ough
I thought they said, “oh, you go home!” (o-u-g-h)

or (ii)

Sound Group 21

paw
claw
thaw
lawn
sprawl
squawk
awful
awkward
awning
lawyer
trawler
rickshaw
outlaw
pawpaw
withdraw
seesaw
decode book aw
awe awesome     awe
auntie & uncle ( autumn)
automatic
auditorium
    decode book au
You had to sweep up the autumn leaves because auntie and uncle were coming for tea. They like sauce with their meal.
fault
jaunt
taunt
flaunt
staunch
laundry
saunter
autumn
cautious
augment
austere
defaulting
assaulted
applauding
tarpaulin
thesaurus
precaution
plausibility
authenticity
nautical
au
war
swarm
dwarf
warp
wharf
quart
reward
forewarn
award
towards
awkward
warder
warbling
thwarted
quarterly
enthralled
forestalling
recalled
ar
wall
chalk
waltz
squall
bald
almost
also
already
alter
although
walrus
scalded
walnut
instalment
decode book a(1)
My clue is all. What do I do to all to make all say bald or waltz, or halter or scald? I’ll end with salt, but you must not halt till you know about all because all can talk.
caught
taught
haughty
naughty
daughter
slaughter   augh
dinosaur
minotaur
    decode book aur
exhaust
exhaustion
      hau
water       a

k (i) Sayings its sound

Sound Group 21

kitten
skin
task
keg
sank
skipper
skittish
kelpie
sketchy
skewer
casket
trinket
turkey
silky
hawking
musketeer
handkerchief
murkiness
kerosene
skeleton
decode book k
cake
spike
choke
duke
pancake
rebuke
provoke
turnpike
earthquake
artichoke
undertake
ladylike
overtake
wide-a-wake
    ke
walk
chalk
talk
folk
yolk
  decode book   (l) k
khaki
khan
khedive gymkhana     kh
trekked         kk
queen
squib
quest
quiz
quell
quote
require
liquid
frequent
request
inquire
qualify
quality
quandary
squanderer
squeamishness
inquisitive
requisite
acquisition
acquaintance
frequency
  q
quoits
quay
quoin
marquee
liquor
mosquito
liquorice
conqueror
mannequin
etiquette
masquerade
  qu
cheque
mosque
plaque
pique
brusque
opaque
unique
oblique
antique
grotesque
physique
technique
burlesque
picturesque
humoresque
  que

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 21

cat
cog
cup
cart
cash
camel
escape
locate
coconut
cactus
crocus
cascaded
percolate
conclusive
incorrect
reconstruct
cavalcade
lubricate
nautical
massacre
ct medical
ecstatic
statistic
acoustic
Antarctic
characteristic
c
account
occur
hiccough
succedent
accordion
accurate
moccasin
occasion
tobacco
morocco
impeccable
Malacca
accommodate
occasional
  cc
duck
track
crock
tick
pluck
sack
picket
reckless
tackling
knick-knack
rocket
padlock
matlock
attack
cassock
limerick
mackintosh
acknowledge
backwardness
mackerel
checkmate
  ck
school
ache
choir
chasm
echo
chord
Christmas
chorus
chemist
scholar
chaotic
chronic
chloroform
chiropractor
chiropodist
chrysalis
chronicle
orchestra
anarchist
archaic
synchronize
architecture
  ch
Children go to school. There they sing in the choir.
acquire
acquit
acquaint
acquiesce
acquaintance
acquisitive     cq
racquet lacquer       cqu
saccharine
Bacchus
bacchant bacchanalian     cch

Sayings its name

Sound Group 22

snakes
sash
spats
stilts
socks
sets
suspect
sister
spinster
sponsor
escape
subsidy
distrust
resistance
subsistence
subscription
synthesis
stethoscope
synopsis
metamorphosis
thrombosis
  s
case
tense
chase
glimpse
expanse
eclipse
universe
intersperse
hypotenuse
apocalypse
  se
I’m dense if I forget that immense expense creates intense suspense and makes no sense or nonsense.
dress
miss
cross
fuss
ass
puss
assess
address
emboss
hostess
distress
dismissal
embarrassing
retrogressive
predecessor
repossessing
indistinctness
outspokenness
defencelessness
characterless
Possess possesses two double sses. ss
sword answer swordfish swordsman   sw
Swing your sword.” or your sword is your word!
listen
castle
trestle
gristle
jostle
rustling
wrestling
whistling
bristling
epistle
fasteners
moistening
listener
chastening
christening
glistening
  st
bustle
isthmus
mistletoe hastening     sth
psalm
psychic
psalmist psoriasis psychology
psychopath
  ps
crevasse
finesse
impasse
lacrosse
palliasse     sse

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 22

cent, fence
space
since
force
dunce
bounce
accept
receive
precede
recent
decent
certificate
cenotaph
cemetery
censorship
centimetre
reinforce
precipice
introduce
frontispiece
mispronounce
  c(e)
city, pencil
cinder
cider
circus
cinch
circuit
council
acid
concise
precise
decide
incinerator
incidental
incipient
civilian
civility
germicide
exercise
suicide
coincide
convincing
decode book c(i)
cycle, tricycle
cygnet
cymbal
cyclist
fancy
mercy
cyclamen
cyanide
cylinder
cynosure
cynical
bicycle
tricycle
supremacy
encyclical
encyclopaedia
diplomacy
pharmacy
piracy
legacy
  c(y)
scythe
scenery
scent
science
  descend
rescind
crescent
transcend
oscillate
condescend
plebiscite
quiescent
effervescent

phosphorescent
reminiscent
sc
convalesce
reminisce
effervesce
acquiesce
fluoresce
coalesce
phosphoresce
incandesce
    sce
Problem Letter Combinations
princess
necessary
access
process
excess
success
intercession
predecessor
    cess
busy 'ence'
* learn Sound Group 5 ‘ense’ and call everything else busy ‘ence’
  ence
occurrence
occupance
        ance

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 23

gun
gag
gang
grip
glebe
engulf
fragrant
progress
gargoyle
magnet
pentagon
omega
monogram
flamingo
gelignite
gregarious
Gorgonzola
gargantuan
mahogany
obligation
  g
trigger
giggle
waggle
juggle
wriggle
stagger
goggles
luggage
gagging
struggling
braggart
lagging
maggot
bedraggled
outrigger
doggedly
raggedly
  gg
guide
guy
guest*
guild
guard
  guitar
guiltless
guiltless
Guernsey
guardian
beguile
disguise
safeguard
rearguard
guillotine
guarantee
guerilla
 
gu
Special work on guess: guessed, guest and quest.
ghost
ghat
ghee
gherkin
ghetto
ghastly
gharry
ghazi
aghast
dinghy
ghostliness   gh
plague
rogue
vague
morgue
league
vogue
intrigue
fatigue
prologue
colleague
synagogue
dialogue
monologue
catalogue
epilogue
pedagogue   gue

J for jug; j for major Sayings its sound

Sound Group 24

jug
jest
jam
jig
 
jacket
jerky
jingle
junket
banjo
conjure
major
prejudice
justify
janitor
juvenile
jaguar
disjointed
conjunction
conjuror
bubbly-jock
j
cage
change
gent
large
genius
general
gentle
Gentile
ginger
pigeon
gorgeous
merger
anchorage
sergeant
pageantry
engagement
vegetarian
submerged
subterfuge
sewerage
  g(e)
giraffe
giant
giraffe
gibber
ginger
fragile
raging
digit
rigid
regiment
agility
regional
agitate
vigilance
tragically
agitation
gigantic
strategist
geologist
psychologist
archaeologist
g(i)
gym
gypsum

gymnast
gyrate
bulgy
clergy
spongy
dingy
gymnasium
gymkhana
gyroscope
strategy
ecology
eulogy
effigy
ecology
  g(y)
suggest         gg
bridge
budget
lodger
gadget
ledger
judge
porridge
partridge
abridged
dislodged
adjudged
fledgeling
hedgehog
cudgelling
drudgery
bludgeon
foreknowledge
acknowledge
misjudgement
hodge-podge
  dge
A judge sat behind a hedge on the edge of a ledge by the ridge of the bridge. He ate porridge with knowledge.
(midget, ledger, fidget, badger: see above, dge) dg
adjust
adjoin
adjourn
adjunct
adjective
adjacent
adjutant
adjustment
adjournment
readjustment
    dj
soldier
“I sold my soldier.”
    di

I (contrary)

Sound Group 25

full fulfil       fill
skill
true
truly
whole
wholly
(role, hole)
skilful
skilfully
slowly
gradually
beautifully
      full
roll unroll enrol
control
patrol
enrolled
controlling
patrolled
enrolment roll
tell retell excel
travel
jewel
rebel
excellent
traveller
jewellery
rebellious
  tell
Short words, two l's, but longer words lose an l, add some more, add an l.
all at the end of words: mostly all l's, sometimes one l angry -all
    recall pall
appal
install (-ing)
instal (-ment)
all at the beginning of words: making one word, one l al-
almost
already
altar
almighty
altogether
alteration
almanac
always
alternate
although (see Letter-Based Groups)
all as a separate word (non compound word): all
    all right all wrong  
tranquil
distil
instil
        il
wilful
hopeful
grateful
wasteful
harmful
watchful
dutiful
merciful
beautiful
purposeful
remorseful
distasteful
reproachful
disdainful
wonderful
    full
gambol
carol
extol
        ol
tunnel
channel
shrivel
bevel
level
shovel
marvel
swivel
repel
unravel
counsel
dishevel
    el

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 25

lamp
flannelette
geniality
vandalism
venality
vigilant
civility
symbolise
paralleled
  l
parallel       ll
elephant
celery
elegance
elevator
celebrate
delegate
skeleton
elect
elegy
elect
electric
electricity
accelerate
  (ele)
colony
colossal
biology
theology
dolomite
apology
geology
solo(ist)
galosh
Solomon
symbologist
phraseology
pharmacologist
meteorology
polo
polonaise
(olo)
balance
salad
salary
valance
stalactite
avalanche
    (ala)
agility
ability
vilify
silica
gentility
civility
military
militant
nobility
servility
  (ili)
candle
twinkle
angle
table
gamble
gentle
dangle
trample
sample
simple
  le
camel
angle
travel
counsel
novel
swivel
morsel
The Colonel:
A colonel wearing flannel from a barrel shovels gravel. On a camel travels level with an angel in a parcel. He finds jewels and a towel in a funnel by a tunnel, and this colonel wearing flannel never quarrels with his camel.
  el
animal
annual
local
central
original
nominal
    al
pencil
stencil
civil
council
civil
April
The small pencil represents the i, and the large pencil represents the l.   il
carol/Carol
petrol
symbol
gambol
idol
      ol
gazelle
belle
Moselle     lle

f for fish; f for forty Sayings its sound

Sound Group 26

fish

fluff
fifty
flip
fox
fifth
forty
favour
finger
reproof
engulf
herself
twelfth
unfairly
disfavour
disfigure
profusion
waterproof
misbelief
overleaf
handkerchief*
f
knife
safe
chafe
housewife
vouchsafe
      fe
coffee
fluff
cuff*
staff
cliff
offer
offence
riffraff
bluff
sheriff
tariff
plaintiff
handcuff
officer
ruffian
raffia
rebuffed
effective
effeminate
affirmative
affected*
ff
giraffe         ffe
phone
phlox
photo
phonics
phantom
phase
orphan
hyphen
siphon
dolphin
typhoon
pharmacy
physical
philosophy
phenomenon
philanthropist
cenotaph
epitaph
telegraph
cardiograph
catastrophe
  ph
rough
tough
cough
laugh
draught
laughter
tougher
coughed
roughage
draughtsman
toughened
coughing
roughness
enough
laughing
roughened
  gh
soften often oftener softener   ft
half
half
halfpenny
halfwit
calfskin halfback behalf   If
lieutenant         u
sapphire sapphirine       pph
* Plurals: The chief ’s handkerchiefs blew from the roof to the cliffs.

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 27

van
valve
velvet
oven
seven
vacant
clover
haven
liver
quaver
proven
violin
violent
visible
volatile
eleven
enliven
envisage
survival
dissolve
  v
twelve
loaves*
shelves
dove
stove
pave
delve
twelve
captive
involve
revive
motive
active
absolve
resolve
involve
dissolve
detective
objective
secretive
tentative
positive
locomotive
primitive
competitive
inquisitive
inattentive
  ve
halves*
calves
salve
        ( 1 ) ve
of         f
nephew Stephen       ph
* -ves plurals: ‘olves and thieves steal loaves from wharves.  

th (voiceless)

Sound Group 28

three
thrill
thin
thing
throng
thank
fifth
sixth
twelfth
tenth
width
path
length
heath
wreath
thermometer
thirteenth
thirtieth
diphthong
ophthalmia
  th
th (voiced) th
clothes
this
then
than
thou
those
these
them
thus
thine
there
theirs
therefore
though
bathe
other
thither
whither
tether
heather
scythe
clothe
 
Last Thursday they thought that Thor threw thunder at the thief over there. This time, though, I think he threatened to throw three thousand thorny thistles at those other thirsty, thieving thugs.

sh (1)

Sound Group 29

ship
shade
shed
shop
shut
shy
finish
relish
selfish
varnish
refresh
worshipped
dishevelled
brandished
publisher
polisher
diminish
admonish
extinguish
impoverish
macintosh
  sh
cushion

 
fashion fashionable
fashionable
fashion
  shi
It’s the fashion to have a cushion in the car.
extension
mansion
pension
version
tension
expansion
extension
dimension
expulsion
comprehension
apprehension
condescension
    si
pressure assurance reassuringly     ss
discussion
mission
fission
possession
confession
admission
omission
expression
concession
obsession
concussion
impression
profession
permission
compression
  ssi
unconscious
conscious
luscious
conscionable
conscience
impression
profession
permission
compression
    sci
sugar
sure
surely
surely
insure
insurance
    s
composition
mention
action
auction
patient
motion
invention
prevention
venetian
Alsatian
fictitious
examination
explanation
indication
publication
dedication
fabrication
humiliation
specification
personification
confidential
  ti
Don’t mention the composition!
musician
special
social
spacious
gracious
precious
commercial
tenacious
audacious
precocious
optician
inefficient
insufficient
coefficient
beneficiary
electrician
    ci
ocean
cetacean
herbaceous crustacean cetacean   ce
machine
chef
chute
chaise
chagrin
chalet
charade
chamois
chateau
champagne
machine
crochet
ricochet
parachute
chandelier
char-a-banc
chivalry
decode book ch
moustache         che
anxious
noxious
inflexion
luxury
(see Letter-Based Groups)
      xi

ch

Sound Group 30

chop
chin
chart
choke
check
impeachment
chapter
Chinese
chiming
chisel
entrenched
ostrich
spinach
vouch
detach
detachment
chinchilla
cochineal
mischievous
surcharge
handkerchief
ch
match
ditch
clutch
sketch
crutch
switch
hitch-hike
ketchup
slapstick
hopscotch
tch
question
digestion
combustion
indigestion
exhaustion
suggestion
    ti
cello cellist   decode book c

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 31

top
tart
test
tint
tuft
tot
tactful
talent
tasty
tantrum
textile
tentative
testator
tale-teller
tantamount
tripartite
inconsistent
omnipotent
incompetent
impertinent
entertainment
  t
gate
route
kite
mote
granite
senate
private
devote
opposite
composite
destitute
investigate
substituted
instituting
  te
button
watt
butt
putt
cattle
kettle
tattoo
lettuce
cotton
gutted
twitter
permitted
committee
regretting
forgotten
boycotting
    tt
intersect
indict
abstract
victim
verdict
You don’t really hear the c, but you hear a pause, so put a letter. ct
debt
doubt
subtle
debtor
doubtless
subtlety
It’s bad to be in debt.
  bt
receipt You'll get one when you Pay.       pt
yacht yachting
yachtsman
I want to say ya-ch-t !
yachtsmanship     cht
cigarette
gazette
gavotte
cassette
palette
burette
pipette
brunette
omelette
flannelette
serviette
  tte
thyme thymic Thomas     th
veldt         dt
chopped See Sound Group 39, d at the end of words. ed

Sayings its name

Sound Group 32

zoo
zoom
zone
zero
zinc
zeal
quiz
waltz
fez
zoology
quartz
zebra
zephyr
zither
z zany
crazy
breezy
frenzy
wizard
lazy
zeppelin
zinnia
zodiac
zealously
 
z
prize
craze
size
maize
trapeze
capsize
amaze
capsizable
amazement
sneezeweed
criticise
minimise
syllabize
  ze
glaze ablaze breezeway ostracise   ch
puzzle
buzz
jazz
fizz
muzzle
guzzled
embezzle
bedazzle
razzle-dazzle
sizzling
drizzly
buzzard
grizzly
frizziness
grizzlier
mezzanine
embezzlement
  zz
logs
posy
pansy
spasm
chasm
posies
cosmos
houses
browses
residuals
provisos
fiascos
dynamos
antagonism
euphemism
euthanasia
microcosm
  s
rose
fuse
vise
these
surprise
noise
phrase
ease
surmise
disused
refused
diagnose
analyse
paraphrase
hypotenuse
  se
scissors dissolve possession     ss
boy's toys         's
xylophone xenophobia,       x

zh

Sound Group 33

measure
treasure
pleasure
closure
leisure
erasure
enclosure
disclosure
composure
exposure
    s
television
invasion
evasion
fusion
provision
collision
adhesion
intrusion
incision
conclusion
occasion
division
precision
persuasion
illusion
supervision
  si

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 34

yacht
yard
yak
youth
year
yellow
yodel
youngest
youthful
  y
onion
union
junior
million
billion
pinion
valiant
brilliant
stallion
  i
Jugoslav hallelujah,   j

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 35

web
well
wet
wind
wag
wither
winter
wagon
wallet
shadowy
arrowroot
yellowfish
safflower
foreshadow
disavow
bungalow
overthrow
  w
quick
quilt
quack
quest
quite
suite
suave
quarterly
quadrangle
quality
quadruped
suede
anguish
dissuade
inquiry
liquify
inquisitive
language
persuade
assuage
suasion
consequently
subsequent
delinquent
iniquitous
sanguine
languish
  u
choir boudoir
memoir
coiffure
shadowy
arrowroot
yellowfish
safflower
foreshadow decode book u
wh
wheel
when
where
whiff
whip
which
whine
white
while
whale
whirl
whimper
whitening
whisper
whipping
whatever
wheeze
whisker
whenever
wharf
  wh

Saving its sound

Sound Group 36

man
mop
mum
mint
mesh
mate
member
mimic
moment
mumbling
memoir
remember
immemorial
dismember
anemometer
memorandum
momentum
optimism
pessimism
minimum
  m
hammer
drummer
swimming
stammer
summer
hemming
mammal
mammoth
summon
common
gimmick
persimmon
commandeer
commiserate
commission
    mm
game
grime
fame
tome
fume
sublime
presume
inflame
perfume
timely
homestead
sameness
shameful
pantomime
maritime
metronome
aerodrome
  me
emblem system
problem
anthem
      em
lamb
limb
comb
crumb
climb
succumb
benumb
entomb
coxcomb
honeycomb
disentomb
catacomb
aplomb
    mb
autumn
hymn
damn
condemn
solemn
column
      mn
blossom
bottom
wisdom
fathom
venom
custom
freedom
kingdom
symptom
seldom
      om
palm
calm
balm
qualm
psalm
salmon
psalmist
qualmish
becalm
embalm
    lm
program (programme)

See USA/UK Spelling list
In the Extra Mastery Page.

    mme
phlegm diaphragm
epiphragm
      gm

Sayings its name

Sound Group 37

nest
nun
ninth
none
neon
nineteenth
nonsense
contend
canine
nonagon
banana
dependent
enhance
nonconformist
nonagenarian
nomination
genuine
  n
dinner
inn
finn
pennant
tonnage
manner
shinning
antennae
perennial
unannounced
reconnaissance
annotation
disconnection
annuitant
  nn
knife
knot
knee
know
knight
knoll
knapsack
knowledge
knighthood
knitting
knocking
knowledgeable
knicker-bockers
acknowledging
unknowingly
    kn
The knowledgeable knight knows about knaves and knackers who knit knickerbockers and knock their knobbly knees when kneeling, begging to the cook kneading dough with a knife and her knuckles for bread to fill their knapsacks before knotting them.
gnaw
gnat
gnash
gnome
gnu
gnaw
gnomic
gnosis
gnarled
gnawing
gnashing
gnomon
    gn
The gnome gnashed his teeth at the gnat gnawing the gnu.
pneumonia pneumatic       pn
Wednesday         dne
grandpa sandwich grandma     nd
mnemonics         mn
epergne champagne eau-de-Cologne     gne

n (near the end of the words)
   Sayings its sound

 

engine
shone
none
pine
one
done
vaccine
benzine
cocaine
sardine
quinine
imagine
examine
determine
discipline
genuine
quarantine
tangerine
caffeine
heroine
  ne
chicken
golden
deafen
smarten
worsen
freshen
 
enlighten
citizen
dishearten
overburden
shortening
moisten
listen
soften
en
elephant
thousand
garland
brigand
Shetland
England     an
curtain
boatswain
coxswain
chaplain
bargain
Britain
captain
certain
villain
porcelain
chamberlain
mountainous
    ain
I’m certain no captain needs a curtain up a mountain.
No captain wants to bargain with a villain by a fountain.
lion
dragon
ribbon
tendon
common
summon
python
religion
imprison
jettison
comparison
 
  on
basin
cousin
satin
origin
aspirin
muffin
raisin
    in
sign
reign
design
feign
assign
consign
resign
ensign
countersign
condign
benign
align
    gn
foreign sovereign       eign
Foreign: Why difficult? Feign from resigning.

ng

Sound Group 38

sing
cling
wing
sting
spring
flinging
swinging
stringing
bringing
      ing
song
gong
strong
belong
furlong
songster
thronging
billabong   o ng
boomerang
slang
fang
hang
sprang
gangway
gangster
hanger
mustang
boomerang
coat hanger
    a ng
rung
flung
swung
hung
lung
bungler
stung
      u ng
length
lengthy
strength
lengthen
lengthwise
strengthen
      e ng
tongue
harangue
tongue-tied
meringue
      ngue
finger
angle
mingle
tingle
bangle
new-fangled
banker
hunger
monger
linger
angry
hungry
bungler
    n

d (at the end of the word)

Sound Group 39

spade
hide
fade
strode
ride
explode
stampede
grenade
provide
gratitude
marmalade
solitude
coincide
barricade
cavalcade
insecticide
escalade
  de
add
ladder
daddy
peddle
fiddle
bedding
ridden
coddle
nodding
paddle
budding
    dd
chopped
fined
stepped
hopped
filled
tried
finished
jumped
listed
missed
shocked
rubbed
inscribed
absorbed
advanced
managed
experienced
pronounced
 
governed
rubbished
ed
crowd
find
scald
word
herd
heard*
absurd
defend
record
orchard
remind
expand
resound
descend
found*
wound*
sold*
told*
  d
For words ending in ld, see Sound Group 11 oul. id

enlightened These words, though the action is finished, do not end in ed. They may be easily formed from the present tense in the following manner:
a. write the present tense: sell
b. say the past tense: sold
c. decide which sounds change...
d. change sell to sold

tell told
find found
hold held
wind wound
hear heard
grind ground

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 40

baby
bob
bib
bad
bend
bad
bamboo
barber
baboon
bubble
barbaric
barbecue
Biblical
  b
bubbles
scrabble
squabble
pebble
nibble
scribble
dabbling
bobbing
rubber
rabbit
cabbage
cobwebby
rubbished
snobbishly
rubbery
shabbily
  bb
globe       be

Sayings its name

Sound Group 41

pig
pat
pop
pup
pin
poop
paper
piping
poplin
puppy
poppy
populate
popular
Papuan
propeller
propaganda
apart
aperture
aptitude
apostrophe
apology
  p
puppy
scrappy
choppy
snappy
poppy
happy
shopping
shipping
wrapping
ripping
dripping
pepper
puppet
trapper
supper
happen
appal
appeal
applaud
appliance
appreciative
  pp
grape         pe

Sayings its sound

Sound Group 42

hat     h
who?
whom
whole
whose
whoop
wholly
wholesale
wholesome
whooping
  wh

Before you continue to the next and last Activity, we suggest that you re do Activities 15, 16, 17, and 18 as they all refer to the Sound Dictionary. When you did them you had not seen the dictionary so it will help your overall understanding. Besides, those activities are complex and so the revision will help you.